By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication

A ideal mound web site deals a wealth of basic info on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.

the most important prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It was once first recorded in August 1739 through common James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an day trip to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote greatly of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity via Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, quite of the Georgia Tribes, used to be the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.

Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management exertions. Investigations persevered lower than quite a few sponsorships until eventually December 1936, while the locality used to be officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth resort, and funeral mound published an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be came across to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items integrated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been came upon at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer web site in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been tested as contemporaries.

In this vintage paintings of archaeological learn and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire remedy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally similar them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.

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Extra resources for Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia

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On small, shallow village sites it is also mixed with sherds of the Stalling's Island, Mossy Oak, and Napier pottery. The occurrence of all these types together in surface collections, of course, does not mean that the complexes were contemporary. I believe, however, Mossy Oak is only slightly earlier than Swift Creek and that Swift Creek and Napier are partly contemporary. This is further indicated by the excavations at Kolomoki where Napier Complicated Stamped sherds occurred in Weeden Island pits, along with Swift Creek II sherds (Sears, 1951, p.

The two railway cuts at Mounds C and B have destroyed much more of these two mounds than is indicated in his sketch. The mounds evidently served as barrow pits for years. There was also a large amount of collecting of the artifacts by local people, especially shell beads, that were exposed in the faces of the two cuts. Jones' description of the skull deformation is interesting although it cannot be directly checked from recently excavated skulls. Ie appears, however, in some of the burial photographs.

Bartram, 1791, pp. ) 1 6 For correlation with modern nomenclature, see p. 16. Several other references of a literary nature are found, but nothing important is added until Charles C. Jones, Jr. described the area in some detail and gave the mounds the names which were still used in the period of excavation. As Jones is the first to describe the remains in any detail and, since his book is not readily available, it is quoted at length. Of the mounds on the left bank of the Ocmulgee River, opposite the city of Macon, the largest and most noteworthy (A, Plate IV),' lying farthest down the river, is located upon the summit of a natural hill, and occupies a commandiI)g position.

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