By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Ralph Bauer

To be had in English for the 1st time, An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru is a firsthand account of the Spanish invasion, narrated in 1570 by means of Diego de Castro Titu Cusi Yupanqui—the penultimate ruler of the Inca dynasty—to a Spanish missionary and transcribed by means of Titu Cusi's mestizo secretary.

Titu Cusi tells of his father's maltreatment by the hands of the Spaniards; his father's resulting army campaigns, withdrawal and homicide; and his personal succession as ruler. This bright narrative illuminates the Incan view of the Spanish invaders and provides a big account of local peoples' resistance, lodging, switch, and survival within the face of the Spanish conquest.

Ralph Bauer's amazing translation, annotations, and creation provide severe context and history for a whole realizing of Titu Cusi's instances and the importance of his phrases. Co-winner of the 2005 Colorado Endowment for the arts e-book Prize.

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Although this passage seems to reflect upon the Inca principle of reciprocity (see Classen, 1–2, 59–60), it is noteworthy that chicha was not a Quechua word but was imported by the Spanish from the Caribbean. 31 It is difficult to decide whether these misrepresentations of Andean culture result from Marcos García’s imperfect grasp of Quechua or from his deliberate manipulations, possibly intended to lend his translation an air of authenticity. ” It is doubtful, for example, that the cultural gloss on supai—“which is to say the Devil in our language” (p.

In 1572 a Spanish army sent by the new viceroy, Francisco de Toledo, succeeded in invading Vilcabamba and in capturing Topa Amaru. Topa Amaru’s subsequent execution on the main square of Cuzco marked the end of the neo-Inca state at Vilcabamba and of the paternal line of the Inca dynasty. Andean resistance against the Spanish invaders, however, continued. 12 Even to this day, the Incas’ imperial legacy is frequently appropriated by Peruvian resistance fighters who violently reject the neo-European social order of the American nation states.

Thus, the plot line leading up to Manco Inca’s rebellion is structured into the narration of him being taken captive and abused by the Spaniards three times. Although it is possible, of course, that this narrative sequence merely followed the actual course of historical events, I have not found any other sixteenth-century versions that present Manco Inca’s decision to rebel as the result of a distinctly three-partite sequence of captivities. Most likely, this three-fold repetition is a stylistic device that was, as Niles notes, common to Inca oral traditions and that “served as a formula which facilitated the remembrance of the narratives” (40).

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