By Talcott Parsons
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This two–volume paintings provides social solidarity and demographic demanding situations which are linked to low start premiums and inhabitants getting older. It does so from the point of view of electorate and key coverage actors. The paintings analyses peoples' attitudes approximately demographic traits and expectancies in the direction of inner most networks and public regulations.
Explores deep intimate own relationships among women and men.
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Extra resources for Action Theory and the Human Condition
If we accept the value premise that where the choice is given, ignorance is always inferior to knowedge, just as illness is inferior to health, it seems to follow that alleviation of the condition of ignorance, which is to say the acquisition of knowledge about and mastery of the great cognitive tradition of our culture, can more effectively be promoted by people who exercise a special competence in these matters than by non-selective interaction among people who, from this point of view, are lay people.
Even, however, with respect to the sector of the spectrum of which the latter propositions are true, it should not pe assumed that professional levels of competence are irrelevant to effective performance of what seems to be fairly generally agreed are the relevant functions. Thus, most students exposed to programs of general education will not be technical experts in any particular cognitive central field. Stress should be laid on the importance of the exposure in programs of general education of the student to the disciplines and procedures which have gradually come to be institutionalized in the great cognitive traditions of the culture.
I should like, however, to add a third component essential to the implementation of fiduciary responsibility in this field. This essentially is the willingness of the person assuming such a role in fact to exercise such responsibility and to act within the limits of his prerogatives as a genuine trustee of the health interests of the patient population relative to whom he assumes responsibility. This is a component which goes beyond competence in the more narrowly technical sense. It involves an important component of moral authority, grounded in the common assumption of health care agents and sick people that health is a good thing and illness by and large a bad thing, and that the balance should, insofar as it is indeed feasible, be altered in the direction of maximizing the levels of health and minimizing the incidence of illness.